Note: This chapter does not seem to be structured in a simple chiastic pattern, but shows more complex interweaving, repetition, parallelism, and building of themes.
Part I: Jesus contrasts himself with others (vv. 1-5, continuing the themes of John 9:39-41)
Amen, Amen, I say to you:
Whoever doesn't enter by the gate into the sheepfold is a thief and robber. (v. 1)
Whoever enters by the gate is shepherd of the sheep; to him the gatekeeper opens; (vv. 2-3a)
and the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out. (v. 3bcd)
When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, (v. 4a)
and they follow him, for they know his voice. (v. 4b)
A stranger they will not follow, but they flee from him, for they do not know the stranger's voice. (v. 5)
Narrator reports the listeners' incomprehension:
Jesus used this figure of speech (paroimia, not parabole) with them, but they did not understand what he was saying to them. (v. 6)
Part II: Jesus speaks of himself as the Sheepgate and as the Good Shepherd (vv. 7-18)
Amen, Amen, I say to you:
I am the gate of the sheep. (v. 7)
All who came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn't listen to them. (v. 8)
I am the gate;
whoever enters through me will be saved, and will go in and go out and will find pasture. (v. 9)
The thief only comes to steal and kill and destroy; I came so that they may have abundant life. (v. 10)
I am the good shepherd;
The good shepherd lays down his own life for the sheep. (v. 11)
The hireling who
is not a shepherd, to whom the sheep don't belong, sees the
wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees,
and the wolf catches them and scatters them; because he's a hireling and doesn't care for the sheep. (vv. 12-13)
I am the good shepherd,
and I know my own and my own know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father, (vv. 14-15a)
and I lay down my life for the sheep. (v. 15b)
I also have other sheep, which are not of this flock; I must bring them also, and they will hear my voice,
and there will be one flock, one shepherd. (v. 16)
The Father loves me, because I lay down my life, so that I take it up again. (v. 17)
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down on my own.
I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again.
This command I received from my Father. (v. 18)
Narrator describes the listeners' divided reaction:
Again there was a division among the Jews because of these words. (v. 19)
Many of them said, "He has a demon and he's crazy. Why listen to him?" (v. 20)
Others said, "These words are not from someone affected by demons. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?" (v. 21; see ch. 9)
At the Feast of Dedication (10:22-42)
[full NAB text] [see related art]
Part I: Main Dialogue:
Narrator's Extended Introduction: Feast of Dedication, Jerusalem, Winter, Temple, Portico of Solomon (vv. 22-23)
Jews: "How long will you make us wait? If you are the CHRIST, tell us directly." (v. 24)
Jesus: "I told you, but you don't believe.
The works that I do in my Father's name testify about me,
but you don't believe, because you don't belong to my sheep.
My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me, and I give them eternal life,
and they will never perish, and no one can snatch them from my hand.
My Father, who has given [them] to me, is greater than all,
and no one can snatch them from the Father's hand.
I and the Father are one." (vv. 25-30)
Narrator: The Jews again took up stones in order to stone him. (v. 31)
Jesus: "I showed you many good works from the Father; for which of these works are you stoning me?" (v. 32)
Jews: "We're not stoning you for a good work, but for blasphemy; for you, a human being, make yourself a god." (v. 33)
Jesus: "Isn't it written in your Law, 'you are gods'?
If it calls 'gods' those to whom the word of God came,
do you say 'You blaspheme!' to the one whom God sanctifies and sends into the world,
because I said, 'I am son of God'?
If I don't do my Father's works, don't believe me;
but if I do, even if you don't believe me, believe the works,
so that you may know that the Father is in me and I am in the Father." (vv. 34-38)
Narrator's Conclusion: Then they tried to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands. (v. 39)
Part II: Geographical Transition and Narrator's Summary:
Narrator: [Jesus] departed again across the Jordan (river) to the place where John baptized at first, and he remained there. (v. 40)
Many came and said: "John performed no sign, but everything that John said about this man was true." (v. 41)
Narrator: And many believed
in him [Jesus] there. (v. 42)
The Johannine Literature Web was created and is maintained by Felix Just, S.J.
This page was last updated on March 1, 2014
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