Crescent Moon

Introduction to World Religions
by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

A Basic Islamic Glossary

Allah - Muslim name for God

Biblical Names and Arabic Equivalents:

Many characters and concepts familiar from the Hebrew and Christian Bibles are mentioned in the Qur'an and other Islamic Literature. Some modern English translations use the common English spellings of these names, while others use transliterations of the Arabic versions of the names:

Biblical Name Arabic Equivalent Biblical Name Arabic Equivalent Biblical Name Arabic Equivalent
Aaron Haroun Gog & Magog Yajuj & Majuj Korah Qarun
Abel Habil Goliath Jalut Lot Lut
Abraham Ibrahim Isaac Ishaq Mary Maryam
Adam Adam Ishmael Isma'il Michael Mika'il
Cain Qabil Jacob Yaqoub Moses Musa
David Dawood Jesus Isa Noah Nuh
Elijah Ilyas Job Ayyub Pharaoh Firon
Elisha Al-Yasha John the Baptist Yahya Saul Talut
Ezra Uzair Jonah Yunus Solomon Sulaiman
Gabriel Jibril Joseph Yusuf Zachariah Zakariya
.
Biblical Term Arabic Equivalent Biblical Group Arabic Equivalent Biblical Place Arabic Equivalent
God Allah Christian Nasrani Egypt Misr
Gospel Injil Jew Yahudi Israel Isra'il
Torah Taurat Roman Rum Sheba Saba'

Some Important Individuals in the Early History of Islam:

[For more details on each of the following, see my Overview of Islamic History]

Some Arabic Terms Important for Islamic Studies:

[For more details on the following, see my pages on Pillars of Islam, or The Qur'an, or the Islamic Calendar & Feasts]


Overview of Islam | Pillars of Belief & Practice | Muhammad & History | Qur'an & Hadiths | Calendar & Feasts | Glossary


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