Biblical Texts related to Catholic Liturgy

compiled by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

[updated for the 3rd Edition of the Roman Missal]

Biblical Background for the Christian Eucharist:

The Catholic Mass is not only based on the "Last Supper" that Jesus had with his disciples, but also influenced by a long history of special meals celebrated by ancient Jews and early Christians, both before, during, and after the lifetime of Jesus:  The Feeding of the 5000 - by Rudolf Koch

Use of Scripture in Early Christian Worship:

From the very beginning, Christian worship has not only involved the sharing of bread and wine in a ritual meal, but also included readings from the sacred scriptures (as was and is also done in Jewish synagogue services). Early Christians not only read from the Jewish scriptures, but soon also included some writings of Christian leaders:

Biblical Background of Liturgical Texts:

The words spoken by the priests and the people during the Catholic Mass and other Christian liturgies are not only based loosely on the Bible; many of them are direct quotations from particular biblical texts:

The Divine Meal - by Rudolf Koch

Introductory Rites:

Liturgy of the Word:

Liturgy of the Eucharist:

Concluding Rites:

The Liturgy of the Hours and Other Prayers:

See also The Order of Mass

Electronic New Testament Educational Resources
Electronic New Testament Educational Resources

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