Annotated Bibliography

Abanes, Richard. End Time Visions: The Road to Armageddon? New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1998.

Abanes presents a fairly detailed account of life and apocalyptic expectations around the year 1000. After presenting a brief outline of the changing historical outlook of the millennial expectations surrounding the year 1000, Abanes then chronicles the years between 950 and 1033 AD, highlighting the apocalyptic points of interest along the way. While his book is focused on eschatology as a whole, the section devoted to the year 1000, while small, is very informative.

Glaber, Rodulfus. The Five Books of the Histories. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

The Five Books of the Histories gives an account of the history the time around 1000 CE as observed and recorded by Galber himself.  Galber was a historian who recorded many events including the Peace of God Movement.  His history provides an exemplary source for studying apocalyptic and millennial expectations as well as the general environment around the year 1000 CE.

Head, Thomas and Richard Landes. The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France Around the Year 1000. Ithaca: Corneal University Press, 1992.

Head and Landes' work is an analysis of a collaboration of essays of the time that describe the environment in France between the 980 and 1040 CE.  The focus of the book is on the  Peace of God movement that spread throughout France at this time.  The book can be broken into three sections: 1) introduction and the context of the Peace of God; 2) six regional studies of the Peace of God in France; 3) two general assessments of the Peace of God councils, as a self-sustaining movement and in the context of its historical social climate.

Landes, Richard. Relics, Apocalypse, and the Deceits of History: Ademar of Chabannes, 989-1034. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Landes' work provides a comprehensive look at Ademar's life, as well as the events surrounding it.  It details the accounts of Ademar's apocalyptic signs of 1009-1010 (p. 369) while providing a context to understand the millennial attitudes of that day.  In addition, it helps to differentiate further between apocalypticism and millennialism.

Mc Ginn, Bernard, Visions of the End. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

This work covers material from 400 AD to 1500 AD and is therefore fairly general in its approach. However, it includes many good definitions for words that are often interchanged mistakenly (i.e. millennial, apocalyptic, etc.). It also contains some very good material on the Antichrist including Adso's Letter on the Antichrist.

Payne, Richard J., ed.  "Adso of Montier-en-Der" in Apocalyptic Spirituality: Treatises and Letters of Lactantius, Adso of Montier-en-Der, Joachim of Fiore, The Franciscan Spirituals, Savonarola. (New York: Paulist Press, 1979) 81-96.

This source book is very helpful in providing a good biographical background on Adso of Montier-en-Der.  In addtion, it provides a translation of Adso's apocalyptic work on the Antichrist, entitled the Letter on the Origen and Time of the Antichrist.  This work was referenced by Ademar in his apocalyptic signs of 1009-1010 CE.  This document was a primary source and evidence of apocalyptic and millennial expectations surrounding the year 1000 CE.

Back to Year 1000 Home Page