Joy in the Fourth Gospel
by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

Introduction:

Although the theme of "joy" and "rejoicing" may not seem as prominent in John's Gospel as it is in Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles, it is surprisingly central in some key Johannine passages. In fact, it occurs in the chiastic center of some of the most important texts of John: the Last Supper Discourse (15:11) and the great Prayer of Jesus (17:13).

Vocabulary:

Greek Transliteration Part Meaning Mark Matt Luke Acts John Paul Cath Rev Total
χαρα chara noun joy, gladness, great happiness 1 6 8 4 9 21 10 - 59
χαιρω chairō verb to rejoice, to be glad  [incl. next line] 2 6 12 7 9 29 7 2 74
συγχαιρω synchairō verb to rejoice with, to enjoy with - - 3 - - 4 - - 7
αγαλλιαω agalliaō verb to be overjoyed, to rejoice greatly - 1 2 2 2 - 3 1 11
αγαλλιασις agalliasis noun extreme gladness, great rejoicing - - 2 1 - - 2 - 5
μακαριος makarios adjective happy, blessed, fortunate - 13 15 2 2 7 4 7 50
μακαριζω makarizō verb to regard as happy/fortunate - - 1 - - - 1 - 2
μακαρισμος makarismos noun happiness, blessedness - - - - - 3 - - 3

Note: The verb chairō is used in the form chaire (sg.) or chairete (pl.), meaning "Hail!" or "Greetings" six times in the Gospels (Matt 26:49; 27:29; 28:9; Mark 15:18; Luke 1:28; and John 19:13).

Texts from the Fourth Gospel:

Texts from the Johannine Epistles:

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This page was last updated on March 29, 2012
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