Structural Outlines of the Fourth Gospel
by Rev. Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.
The Sabbath Healing at the Pool of Bethesda (5:1-18)
NAB text] [see
1-5: Introduction: a feast of the Jews; in Jerusalem;
at the Sheep Gate; a pool called Bethesda; a large number of ill people,
including a man ill for 38 years.
6-8: First Dialogue (Jesus and the Man):
- 6a: Narrator introduces: Jesus sees the man and knows
how long he's been ill.
- 6b: Jesus asks:
"Do you want to be well?"
7: The ill man answers: I have no one to help me.
- 8: Jesus tells
him: "Rise, take up your mat, and walk."
- 9a: Narrator reports result: The man becomes well,
takes up his mat, and walks.
9b-13: Second Dialogue (The Jews and the Man):
- 9b: Narrator introduces: That day was a sabbath.
- 10: Jews tell
the man: "It is the sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry a mat."
11: Man's response: "The man who made me well told me, 'Take
up your mat and walk."
- 12: Jews question
him: "Who told you, 'Take it up and walk'?"
- 13: Narrator concludes: The man did not know who, for
Jesus had slipped away.
14-15: Third Dialogue (truncated: Jesus and the Man):
- 14a: Narrator: Jesus found the man in the temple area
- 14b: Jesus:
"You are well; do not sin any more, so nothing worse happens to you"
- 15: Narrator: The man tells the Jews that Jesus was
the one who made him well.
16-18: Fourth Dialogue (truncated: The Jews and Jesus):
- 16: Narrator: The Jews began to persecute Jesus because
he did this on a sabbath.
- 17: Jesus:
"My father is still working, so I am working."
- 18: Narrator: The Jews try all the more to kill Jesus,
for breaking the sabbath, and for making himself equal to God.
The Ensuing Monologue by Jesus (5:19-47)
NAB text] [see
Part I (19-30): Jesus' Works: Giving Life and Exercising Judgment
Note: The first half of this passage (vv. 19-24) focuses
more on Jesus' work in the present, while the second half (vv. 25-30) focuses
somewhat more on his work in the future.
- 19: Amen, Amen: The son can do nothing
on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing.
- 20: The Father loves the Son and shows him everything
he does, and will show greater works, so that you may marvel.
- 21: For as the Father raises the dead
and gives life; so also the Son gives life.
- 22: The Father does not judge, but has
given all judgment to the Son,
- 23: so that all may honor the Son as they
honor the Father;
whoever does not honor the Son, does not honor the Father.
- 24: Amen, Amen: whoever hears
my word and believes the one who sent me has eternal life;
he is not judged, but has passed from death
- 25: Amen, Amen: the dead will
hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will
- 26: For as the Father has life within
himself, so also the Son has life within himself.
- 27: The Father has given the Son authority
to exercise judgment.
- 28-29: Do not marvel: All who are in tombs
will hear the Son's voice and come out; those who did good deeds receive
"resurrection of life"; those who did evil receive "resurrection
- 30: I can do nothing on my own; I judge
as I hear; I seek not my will, but the will of the one who sent me.
Part II (31-40): A Series of Witnesses to Jesus
- A) 31: Jesus' testimony about himself
- B) 32-35: Testimony from John (the Baptist)
- C) 36: Testimony from the Works that Jesus does
- D) 37-38: Testimony from the Father
- E) 39-40: Testimony from the Scriptures
Part III (41-47): A Series of Contrasts about Praise and Believing
- 41-42: I don't accept human praise; you
don't have God's love.
- 43: I came in the name of the Father (you
don't accept); others come in their own name (you
- 44: You accept praise
from one another, but you don't seek the praise that comes
only from God.
- 45: I won't accuse you before the Father; Moses will accuse
you before the Father.
- 46: If you had believed Moses, you would
have believed me.
- 47: If you don't believe
Moses' writings, how can you believe my words.
The Johannine Literature Web was created and is maintained by Felix Just, S.J.
This page was last updated on
March 1, 2014
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