The Gospel of Luke:
Use and Adaptation of Mark's Gospel

by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

[still under construction]

Beginning & Ministry in Galilee MARK LUKE Luke's Changes
Preface 1:1 1:1-4 - different insert 1:5—2:52 - infancy narrative
Quotation of Mal 3:1 1:2 [7:27 - delayed] insert 3:1-2 - historical setting
John the Baptist appears; quoting Isa 40:3 1:3-4 3:3-4 insert 3:5-6 - longer quote of Isa 40:4-5
John the Baptist's description 1:5-6 omitted insert 3:7-15, 17-18 - Baptist's preaching
John’s messianic preaching 1:7-8 3:16 insert 3:19-20 - imprisonment of John
Baptism of Jesus 1:9-11 3:21-22 insert 3:23-38 - genealogy of Jesus
Jesus tempted in the wilderness 1:12-13 4:1-2 insert 4:3-13 - three specific temptations
Beginning ministry in Galilee 1:14-15 4:14-15 - different insert 4:16-30 - Jesus at Nazareth
Call of the first disciples 1:16-20 [5:1-11 - delayed] very different
Teaching & exorcism at Capernaum 1:21-28 4:31-37 .
Healing of Simon’s mother-in-law 1:29-31 4:38-39 .
Healing of the sick at evening 1:32-34 4:40-41 .
Prayer and Departure from Capernaum 1:35-38 4:42-43 .
Preaching throughout Galilee 1:39 4:44 insert 5:1-11 - Call of Peter & fishermen
Cleansing of a leper 1:40-45 5:12-16 .
Healing of a paralytic 2:1-12 5:17-26 .
Call of Levi, a tax collector 2:13-17 5:27-32 .
Question about fasting 2:18-22 5:33-39 .
Picking grain on the Sabbath 2:23-28 6:1-5 .
Healing a man with a withered hand 3:1-6 6:6-11 .
Healing multitudes at the Sea of Galilee 3:7-12 [6:17-19 - delayed] cf. 4:41 - demons recognize Jesus
Choosing the twelve 3:13-19a 6:12-16 insert 6:17-49 - Sermon on the Plain
insert 7:1-35 - healings & dialogues
insert 7:36—8:3 - stories with women
Jesus' family thinks he's crazy 3:19b-21 omitted [omitted by both Matthew & Luke]
Beelzebul controversy 3:22-27 [11:14-23 - delayed] longer
Sin against the Holy Spirit 3:28-30 [12:10 - delayed] shorter
Jesus’ true family 3:31-35 [8:19-21 - delayed] shorter
Parable of the sower 4:1-9 8:4-8 shorter
Reason for speaking in parables 4:10-12 8:9-10 .
Interpretation of the parable of the sower 4:13-20 8:11-15 .
Sayings about ears and hearing 4:21-25 8:16-18 cf. duplicates in 11:33 and 6:38b
Parable of the seed growing secretly 4:26-29 omitted [omitted by both Matthew & Luke]
Parable of the mustard seed 4:30-32 [13:18-19 - delayed]  
Jesus’ use of parables 4:33-34 omitted insert 8:19-21 - Jesus' true family
Stilling a storm at sea 4:35-41 8:22-25 .
Gerasene demoniac 5:1-20 8:26-39 .
Jairus’ daughter & woman with hemorrhage 5:21-43 8:40-56 slightly shorter
Rejection at Nazareth 6:1-6 [4:16-30 - used earlier] much longer
Sending out the Twelve 6:7-13 9:1-6 .
Opinions regarding Jesus 6:14-16 9:7-9 .
Death of John the Baptist 6:17-29 [3:19-20 - used earlier] much shorter
Return of the Apostles 6:30-31 9:10a shorter
Feeding the 5000 6:32-44 9:10b-17 .
Walking on water 6:45-52 omitted .
Healings at Gennesaret 6:53-56 omitted .
Clean and Unclean 7:1-23 omitted cf. 11:37-41 - washing cups & dishes
Syrophoenician Woman 7:24-30 omitted .
Healing a deaf mute 7:31-37 omitted [omitted by both Matthew & Luke]
Feeding the 4000 8:1-10 omitted .
Pharisees seek a sign 8:11-13 omitted cf. 11:16, 29 - seeking signs
Beware the leaven of the Pharisees 8:14-21 omitted cf. 12:1 - leaven of the Pharisees
Healing a blind man at Bethsaida 8:22-26 omitted [omitted by both Matthew & Luke]
Mark's Central Section MARK LUKE Luke's Changes
Peter's confession 8:27-30 9:18-21 .
First passion prediction 8:31 9:22 .
Peter & Jesus rebuke each other 8:32-33 omitted .
“Take up your cross and follow me” 8:34—9:1 9:23-27 repeats in 14:27 & 17:33
Transfiguration 9:2-10 9:28-36 somewhat different
Coming of Elijah 9:11-13 omitted .
Jesus heals an epileptic demoniac 9:14-29 9:37-43a much shorter
Second passion prediction 9:30-32 9:43b-45 .
True greatness; first must be last 9:33-37 9:46-48 .
Another exorcist 9:38-41 9:49-50 shorter
Warnings about temptations 9:42-49 [17:1-2] part omittedted; part delayed
Salt and Light 9:50 [14:34-35] half delayed; half changed
Departure to Judea 10:1 9:51- different INSERT 9:52—18:14 - Journey to Jerusalem
On divorce and remarriage 10:2-12 omitted cf. 16:18 - saying about divorce
Jesus blesses little children 10:13-16 18:15-17 .
Rich man's salvation 10:17-22 18:18-23 .
On riches and rewards of discipleship 10:23-31 18:24-30 slightly shorter; cf. 13:30
Third passion prediction 10:32-34 18:31-34 somewhat different
Request of James and John 10:35-41 omitted cf. 12:50 - upcoming "baptism"
Precedence among the disciples 10:42-45 [22:24-27 - delayed] shorter
Healing of blind Bartimaeus 10:46-52 18:35-43 insert 19:1-10 - Zacchaeus
insert 19:11-27 - Parable of pounds
Final Week in Jerusalem MARK LUKE Luke's Changes
Entry into Jerusalem 11:1-10 19:28-38 insert 19:39-44 - Jesus weeps for Jerusalem
Return to Bethany overnight 11:11 omitted .
Cursing the fig tree 11:12-14 omitted cf. 13:6-9 - Parable of a fig tree
Incident in the Temple 11:15-17 19:45-46 shorter
Chief priests & scribes plot against Jesus 11:18-19 19:47-48 .
Fig tree is found withered 11:20-21 omitted .
Sayings on faith, prayer, and forgiveness 11:22-26 omitted cf. 17:6 - faith as a mustard seed
Question about Jesus’ authority 11:27-33 20:1-8 .
Parable of the vineyard tenants 12:1-12 20:9-19 .
On paying tribute to Caesar 12:13-17 20:20-26 .
Question about the resurrection 12:18-27 20:27-40 .
Great Commandment 12:28-34 [10:25-28 - used earlier] shorter
Question about David’s son 12:35-37a 20:41-44 .
Woe to scribes & Pharisees 12:37b-40 20:45-47 duplicate in 11:45, 52
Widow's mite 12:41-44 21:1-4 .
Destruction of the Temple foretold 13:1-2 21:5-6 .
Signs before the end 13:3-8 21:7-11 .
Persecutions foretold 13:9-13 21:12-19 cf. also 12:11-12
Desolating Sacrilege 13:14-20 21:20-24 somewhat different; cf. also 17:31
False Messiahs & False Prophets 13:21-23 [17:23 - used earlier] shorter
Coming of the Son of Man 13:24-27 21:25-28 somewhat different
Parable of the Fig Tree 13:28-32 21:29-33 .
Conclusion: “Take heed; watch!” 13:33-37 21:34-36 - different insert 21:37-38 - Jesus in Jerusalem
Passion and Resurrection MARK LUKE Luke's Changes
Plot to kill Jesus 14:1-2 22:1-2 .
Anointing at Bethany 14:3-9 [7:36-50 - used earlier] only partly similar
Judas’ Betrayal 14:10-11 22:3-6 .
Preparations for the Passover 14:12-17 22:7-14 .
Jesus foretells his betrayal 14:18-21 [22:21-23 - delayed slightly] .
Eucharistic words of institution 14:22-25 22:15-20 insert 22:24-30 - on discipleship
Peter's denial predicted 14:26-31 21:31-34 insert 22:35-38 - two swords
Prayer at Gethsemane 14:32-42 22:39-46 .
Jesus is arrested 14:43-50 22:47-53 .
Young Man flees naked 14:51-52 omitted .
Jesus led to the High Priest's house 14:53 22:54a .
Peter enters the courtyard 14:54 22:54b-55 .
Jesus interrogated by the priests (during night) 14:55-64 omitted .
Jesus is insulted and beaten 14:65 [22:63-65 - delayed slightly] .
Peter’s denial 14:66-72 22:56-62 insert 22:66-71 - before Sanhedrin; at dawn
Jesus’ trial before Pilate 15:1-5 23:1-5 insert 23:6-12 - Jesus before Herod
Jesus’ trial before Pilate (cont.) 15:6-15 23:17-25 insert 23:13-16 - Jesus' innocence
Jesus is mocked by soldiers 15:16-20a omitted cf. 23:36
Road to Golgotha 15:20b-21 23:26, 32 insert 23:27-31 - women on the way
Jesus is crucified 15:22-25 23:33-34 .
Inscription on the cross: INRI 15:26 [23:38 - delayed slightly] .
Jesus is derided on the cross 15:27-32a 23:35 - shorter insert 23:36-38 - soldiers mock Jesus
Two thieves revile Jesus 15:32b 23:39 insert 22:40-43 - repentant thief
Darkness covers the land 15:33 23:44-45a .
"My God, my God…" 15:34-35 omitted .
Jesus offered a sponge of vinegar 15:36 [23:36 - used earlier] .
Jesus' last cry and death; temple curtain torn 15:37-38 23:45b-46 reversed order
Centurion's witness 15:39 23:47 insert 23:48 - bystanders beat their breasts
Women at the crucifixion 15:40-41 23:49 shorter; cf. 24:10
Jesus is buried by Joseph of Arimathea 15:42-47 23:50-56 somewhat different
Empty tomb 16:1-8 24:1-12 different; longer
Longer/Later Ending of Mark MARK LUKE Luke's Changes
Resurrection appearances 16:9-11 x cf. 24:10-11 - names of women
Jesus appears to two disciples on the road 16:12-13 24:13-35 - much longer insert 24:36-43 - another appearance story
Jesus appears to disciples in Jerusalem 16:14-18 x .
Jesus ascends to heaven 16:19 24:44-53 - much longer .
Conclusion 16:20 x .

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